Tuesday, April 01, 2008
1941: Volga Germans sent to Siberia and other Russian-Germans to Kazakhstan
Yesterday, I gave a lecture on the 1941 deportation of the Russian-Germans to Kazakhstan and Siberia and their subsequent mobilization into the labor army starting in 1942. One interesting thing I noticed is that the Stalin regime deported most of the Volga Germans to Siberia and most of the Russian-German deportees to Siberia came from the Volga region. The Volga Germans constituted over half of the Russian-Germans deported in 1941 and three quarters of them were sent to Siberia versus a quarter to Kazakhstan. In total Siberia received about half the Russian-Germans deported in 1941 and the other half arrived in Kazakhstan. Most of the Russian-Germans deported to Kazakhstan came from the North Caucasus, Ukraine, Crimea, the Kuban, the Moscow region, Georgia and Azerbaijan. Likewise most Russian-German deportees from these regions in 1941 found themselves sent initially to Kazakhstan rather than Siberia. I had not really noticed this geographical division before.