Allworth, Edward, ed., Central Asia: 130 Years of Russian Dominance: A Historical Overview, 3rd edition (Durham and London: Duke University Press, 1994).
Martin, Terry, An Affirmative Action Empire: Nations and Nationalism in the Soviet Union, 1923-1939 (Ithaca, NY and London: Cornell University Press, 2001).
Nove, Alec and Newth, J.A., The Soviet Middle East: A Communist Model for Development? (New York: Praeger, 1967).
Polian, Pavel, Against Their Will: The History and Geography of Forced Migrations in the USSR (Budapest: Central European University Press, 2004).
This course is an introductory survey course to the history of present day Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan and Tajikistan. In particular the course will concentrate on the era of Soviet rule from 1917 to 1991. The course will treat the area chronologically and emphasize the political, economic and social changes it experienced under Soviet rule. Among the topics that will be examined are the development of territorialized national identifications, the political subordination of the region to Moscow, the radical transformation of the territory’s economy and ecology and the changing social roles played by Islam and women in recent history. These topics will be covered in the course of examining the important political events in Soviet history and their impact on Kazakhstan and Central Asia. Among these events are the Bolshevik Revolution, Civil War, demarcation of internal Soviet borders along national lines, collectivization, industrialization, the assault on religion, the Purges, World War II, the Thaw and finally Glasnost and Perestroika. The course will emphasize a comparative approach and concentrate on the historical similarities and differences between Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan, the two largest nations in the region.
This course will consist of lectures and discussions based upon the assigned reading. At the end of each week every student will be required to submit a 200 to 300 word long summary of the week’s readings. This summary should include the main points and themes addressed by the author. These summaries will count significantly towards the final grade for the class. Each student will also be required to write a 2000 to 2500 word long research paper on one of the weekly topics covered in class. This assignment is due the first day of the last week of classes. Plagiarism will result in failing the course and notification of the Dean.
Twelve Short Summaries 36% (3% each)
Final Research Paper 50%
Oral Participation 14%
Week 1 Geography, Peoples and Cultures
Chapter 3 in Allworth, pp. 92-130
Week 2 The Russian Conquest
Chapters 4 and 5 in Allworth, pp. 131-171
Week 3 Tsarist Rule
Chapters 6 and 7 in Allworth, pp. 172-206
Week 4 The Bolshevik Revolution
Chapters 8, 9 and 10 in Allworth, pp. 207-265
Week 5 Demarcation of National Borders the 1920s
Chapters 1 and 2 in Martin, pp. 1-27 and pp. 56-74
(Note these page numbers refer to the edition published in London)
Week 6 Promotion of National Cadres and Cultures in the 1920s
Chapter 4 in Martin, pp. 125-181
Week 7 Collectivization and Industrialization in the 1930s
Chapters 11 and 12 in Allworth, pp. 266-348
Week 8 Political and Cultural Changes in the 1930s
Chapter 13 in Allworth, pp. 349-396
Week 9 World War II: “Human Dumping Grounds”
Chapter 2 sections 2-4 and chapter 3 sections 1 and 2 in Polian, pp. 123-157 and 181-194
Week 10 Post-war Economic Development
Nove and Newth (read whole book)
Week 11 The Era of Stagnation
Chapter 17 in Allworth, pp. 527-572
Week 12 Glasnost and Perestroika
Chapter 18 in Allworth, pp. 573-607
Week 13 Conclusion