The following quotation is from an NKVD report of 15 July 1946 on the conditions of Kalmyk special settlers in Novosibirsk Oblast. It is reproduced in N.F. Bugai, ed., Iosif Stalin - Lavrentiiu Berii. "Ikh nado deportirovat'," Dokumenty, fakty, kommentarii (Moscow: Druzhba narodov, 1992), doc. 14, p. 93. The translation from Russian to English is my own.
Kalmyks have arrived in Novosibirsk obl. since December 1943. The main mass arrived in January 1944. Were received 16,379 people. On the way died 193 people. Hospitalized 224 people, of these died 39 people. (typhus)...30% of those capable of labor do not work due to an absence of shoes. It has been noted that they are completely unadapted to the severe climate, unaccustomed to the conditions and do not know the language. This has created additional difficulties. There has been an increase in deaths.
In 1944 of these exiles died 1510 people. A significant portion of these special settlers live in absolutely unfit living conditions: huts, barns and such. They do not have individual gardens. Many local party and economic organs have not employed themselves in arranging labor for the Kalmyks, considering it a matter for the NKVD.